Autism, also know as Autism Spectrum Disorder, is an impairment of social, communication, and imagination skills. Also, individuals who suffer with Autism have repetitive like behavior that keeps them from functioning in their everyday lives.Many different treatment methods for Autism have been explored and researched. Recently, mostly in the 1900s, treatments involving art therapy have been used and evaluated for individuals with autism spectrum disorder.
Art therapy helps calm down individuals with autism, as well as to help them communicate with others. In addition, it provides visual feedback, which is important for individuals with autism. Research suggest that individuals with autism who seek art therapy might also want to pair that therapy up with other types such as play therapy, or occupational therapy. The key purpose of art therapy for individuals with ASD is the sensory stimulation.
Margaret Naumburg was heavily influenced by Sigmund Freud’s psychodynamic theory and concept of the unconscious (Potash, 2005). For example, if a child drew a picture of a figure with no arms or legs, it might be an expression of the feelings of helplessness and immobility.
Martin, Nicole., Lawerence, KS. (2009) Art Therapy and Autism: Overview and Recommendations. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 26(4) 187-190
Packard, S., (1980). The History of Art Therapy Education. Art Education, 4, 10-13.
Postash, J.,(2005). Rekindling the Multicultural History of the American Art Therapy Association, Inc. Art Therapy:Journal of the American Art Therapy Association. 22(4), 184-188.
By, Kayla May